Situated by the Atlantic Ocean, Brazil is bordering Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela. Thus, in addition to being the largest country in the region, it shares common boundaries with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador. Brazil’s climate is mostly tropical, but temperate in the south.  In terms of natural resources, Brazil holds a wide variety of materials including, but not excluded to, bauxite, gold, iron ore, nickel, platinum, uranium and petroleum.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Recurring droughts in northeast
  • Floods in south
  • Deforestation in Amazon Basin destroys the habitat and endangers a multitude of plant and animal species indigenous to the area  
  • Air and water pollution in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and several other large cities
  • Land degradation and water pollution caused by improper mining activities
  • Wetland degradation
  • Severe oil spills

Contact GWP Brazil

Lucía Matteo, Regional Coordinator

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture

UN-Water Statistics


Posted: 2012-07-25

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