Situated by the Bight of Biafra, Cameroon is bordering Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and Nigeria. The country has two distinct climatic regions: the humid equatorial region in the south and the semi-arid northern portion, extending into the Sahel. In the humid southern region, the annual rainfall often averages 1500mm, while in the north it averages 500mm. Cameroon’s economy is predominantly agrarian and agriculture, the exploitation of natural resources remain the driving force for the country’s economic development.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Current climate variation is already altering the availability and timing of irrigation water supplies
  • A main challenge is the lack of legal and institutional frameworks for the management of existing freshwater resources
  • Water-related disease is quite common in Cameroon and particularly affects children; among children under 4, diarrhoea accounts for about 10% of all deaths
  • The observed decline in rainfall in the region is thought to contribute to the increasing desertification in northern Cameroon

Contact GWP Cameroon

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture

UN-Water Statistics


Posted: 2012-07-23

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