China is the world’s fourth largest country and is bordering the East China Sea, the Korea Bay, the Yellow Sea, and the South China Sea. Land borders include Afghanistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Vietnam. The climate is extremely diverse varying from tropical in the south to subarctic in the north. The terrain is mostly mountainous, including Mount Everest on the border with Nepal. In addition to the world’s largest hydropower potential, China holds a number of natural resources including coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury and uranium.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Frequent typhoons (about five per year along southern and eastern coasts)
  • Damaging floods
  • Tsunamis
  • Water shortages, particularly in the north
  • Water pollution from untreated wastes
  • Droughts
  • Earthquakes
  • Air pollution (greenhouse gases, sulfur dioxide particulates) from reliance on coal produces acid rain

Contact GWP China

Room.978, Building A, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research,
No.1,Yu-Yuan-Tan-Nan-Lu,Haidian District,

Tel:+86 (0)10 6878 1906

Fax:+86 (0)10 6858 7058

E-mail: Mr Zheng Rugang,, Coordinator

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture

UN-Water Statistics


Source map:

Posted: 2012-07-25

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