El Salvador is situated between Guatemala and Honduras and is geographically the smallest nation in Central America. It is bordering the North Pacific Ocean, and the only nation in the region without a coastline to the Caribbean Sea. It has a tropical climate in the coastal area and a temperate climate in uplands, with a rainy season and a dry season. Known as ‘Land of Volcanoes’, it is susceptible to significant volcanic activity but also earthquakes and hurricanes.
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