Ethiopia is a landlocked state, bordered by Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. Until quite recently, Ethiopia was not a landlocked state but in 1993, the entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea. On a different geographical note, the Blue Nile, the chief headstream of the Nile by water volume, rises in T'ana Hayk (Lake Tana) in northwest Ethiopia. The climate is tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation. In terms of natural resources, Ethiopia is not rich, although it has small reserves of gold, platinum, copper and natural gas.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Water shortages in some areas from water-intensive farming and poor management
  • Frequent drought
  • Geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions
  • Deforestation
  • Overgrazing
  • Soil erosion
  • Desertification

Contact GWP Ethiopia

Regional Programme Manager: Mr. Kidanemariam Jembere, Email:

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture

UN-Water Statistics


Posted: 2012-07-24

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