Straddling the equator, Indonesia is situated between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean and consists of 17,508 islands (6,000 inhabited). Land borders include Timor-Leste, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea. The terrain is mostly coastal lowlands although larger islands have interior mountains. Furthermore, Indonesia contains the most volcanoes of any country in the world - some 76 are historically active. The climate is tropical; hot and humid. Important natural resources include petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel and bauxite.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Occasional floods
  • Severe droughts
  • Tsunamis
  • Water pollution from industrial wastes and sewage
  • Maritime boundaries with surrounding countries are still, is some cases, under discussion.
  • Air pollution in urban areas
  • Earthquakes

Contact GWP Indonesia

Mr Djoko Sasongko,

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture

UN-Water Statistics


Posted: 2012-07-26

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