Lesotho is a landlocked state, completely enclosed by South Africa. The terrain is mostly highland, more than 80% of the country is 1,800 m above sea level. Lesotho is experiencing a temperate climate with cool dry winters and hot wet summers. In terms of natural resources, Lesotho is rich in diamonds and clay but also water. Through the Highland Water Project, water is dammed and redirected into South Africa, generating royalties for Lesotho.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Periodic droughts
  • Although the country is rich in water, most of the resource is redirected into South Africa through the Highland Water Project, resulting in severe water shortages in Lesotho.
  • Severe soil erosion

Contact GWP Lesotho

Ms. Ruth Beukman, Regional Coordinator r.beukman@cgiar.org

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/main/index.stm

UN-Water Statistics http://www.unwater.org/statistics_KWIP.html


Source: www.cia.gov; http://data.worldbank.org; www.unwater.org


Source map: www.flickr.com

Posted: 2012-07-25

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