Lesotho is a landlocked state, completely enclosed by South Africa. The terrain is mostly highland, more than 80% of the country is 1,800 m above sea level. Lesotho is experiencing a temperate climate with cool dry winters and hot wet summers. In terms of natural resources, Lesotho is rich in diamonds and clay but also water. Through the Highland Water Project, water is dammed and redirected into South Africa, generating royalties for Lesotho.
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