Namibia is situated by the coast by the South Atlantic Ocean, bordering Angola, Botswana, South Africa and Zambia. It has a desert climate with rainfall being sparse and erratic. Namib Desert is situated along the coast; the Kalahari Desert is situated in the east. Namibia is rich in natural resources, e.g. diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, silver, lead and tin. Furthermore, there are suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore. Namibia was the first country in the world to incorporate the protection of the environment into its constitution; some 14% of the land is protected.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Prolonged periods of drought
  • Limited natural freshwater resources
  • Plans to construct a hydroelectric dam on Popa Falls along the Angola-Namibia border. If carried through, there will be substantial human displacement.
  • Managed dispute with South Africa over the location of the boundary in the Orange River

Contact GWP Namibia

Ms. Ruth Beukman, Regional Coordinator

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture

UN-Water Statistics




Source map:

Posted: 2012-07-25

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