Tajikistan is a mountainous, landlocked country in the southeastern part of Central Asia. It is bordered by Uzbekistan, the Kyrgyz Republic, China and Afghanistan. The different regions of the country are separated by high mountain ranges and are often isolated during the winter months. 

The climate of Tajikistan is classed as continental, but its mountainous terrain gives rise to wide variations. In those areas where cultivation takes place, which is mainly in the floodplains of the rivers, the climate consists of hot, dry summers and mild, warm winters.

Tajikistan can be divided into four major river basins: the Syr Darya basin, the Amu Darya basin, The Zeravshan basin, and the basin draining to China.

Natural resources: hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • The environmental problems in Tajikistan are the result of its climate and natural conditions and the structure of the national economy
  • The irrigated area is subject to substantial erosion, landslides, sagging and deformation
  • Environmental pollution is also increasing as a consequence of industrial production

Contact GWP Tajikistan

Yusup Kamalov, Chair GWP CACENA


Vadim Sokolov, Regional Coordinator GWP CACENA / Scientific-Information Center of the Interstate Commission for Water Coordination of Central Asia


More information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/main/index.stm

UN-Water Statistics http://www.unwater.org/statistics_KWIP.html


Source: http://data.worldbank.org;www.unwater.org

Posted: 2013-05-22

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