Turkmenistan is a landlocked country located in Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and Iran. The western and central low-lying desolate portions of the country make up the great Kara Kum desert, which occupies over 80% of the country; the eastern part of the country is plateau.
In the southwest lies the Kopetdag mountain chain with the Shakhshakh peak at 2 912 m above sea level. The climate of Turkmenistan is subtropical desertic.
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, sulfur, salt.
Key Water Issues and Challenges
- Contamination of soil and groundwater with agricultural chemicals, pesticides
- Salination, water logging of soil due to poor irrigation methods
- Caspian Sea pollution
- Diversion of a large share of the flow of the Amu Darya into irrigation contributes to the river's inability to replenish the Aral Sea
Contact GWP Turkmenistan
Yusup Kamalov, Chair GWP CACENA
Vadim Sokolov, Regional Coordinator GWP CACENA / Scientific-Information Center of the Interstate Commission for Water Coordination of Central Asia
AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/main/index.stm
UN-Water Statistics http://www.unwater.org/statistics_KWIP.html