Ukraine, situated by the Black Sea is bordering Belarus, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia and Slovakia. It is the second largest country in Europe, placed in the crossroads between Europe and Asia, giving it a very strategic position. The climate is temperate continental (although Mediterranean in the southern Crimean coast). The precipitation is disproportionally distributed being the highest in west and north; summers are warm across the country. Most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains and plateaus. In terms of natural resources, it is among other materials rich in iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas and oil.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Inadequate supplies of potable water
  • Air and water pollution
  • Radiation contamination in the northeast from 1986 accident at Chornobyl' Nuclear Power Plant
  • The ICJ ruled largely in favor of Romania its dispute submitted in 2004 over Ukrainian-administered Zmiyinyy/Serpilor (Snake) Island and Black Sea maritime boundary delimitation
  • Romania opposes Ukraine's reopening of a navigation canal from the Danube border through Ukraine to the Black Sea

Contact GWP Ukraine

Mr. Milan Matuska or (for GWP Central and Eastern Europe)

Ms. Anna Tsvietkova (for GWP Ukraine)

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture

UN-Water Statistics


Posted: 2012-07-24

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