Along with Liechtenstein, Uzbekistan is one of the only two doubly landlocked countries in the world (i.e. surrounded only by other landlocked countries), bordered by Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.  Uzbekistan includes the southern portion of the Aral Sea. The climate is mostly midlatitude desert with long, hot summers and mild winters. In terms of natural resources, Uzbekistan is rich in e.g natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold and uranium.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Shrinkage of the Aral Sea has resulted in growing concentrations of chemical pesticides and natural salts; these substances are then blown from the increasingly exposed lake bed and contribute to desertification and respiratory health problems
  • Water pollution from industrial wastes and the heavy use of fertilizers and pesticides is the cause of many human health disorders
  • Increasing soil salination
  • Soil contamination from buried nuclear processing and agricultural chemicals, including DDT
  • Prolonged drought and cotton monoculture in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan created water-sharing difficulties for Amu Darya river states

Contact GWP Uzbekistan

Mr. Vadim Sokolov,; Regional Coordinator

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture

UN-Water Statistics


Posted: 2012-07-24

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