Vietnam is bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia. While extending 1,650 km north to south, the country is only 50 km across at its narrowest point. The climate is tropical in the south while monsoonal in the north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March). Important natural resources include phosphates, coal, bauxite, chromate as well as offshore oil and gas deposits.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Occasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding, especially in the Mekong River delta
  • Water pollution and overfishing threaten marine life populations
  • Groundwater contamination limits potable water supply
  • Growing urban industrialization and population migration are rapidly degrading environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City
  • Logging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation

Contact GWP Vietnam

Mr Djoko Sasongko,

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture

UN-Water Statistics


Posted: 2012-07-26

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