The Water, Climate and Development Programme in China has the objective to integrate water security and climate resilience in development planning processes, build climate resilience and support provinces to adapt to a new climate region through increased investment in water security.
The Programme aims to integrate water security and climate resilience in development planning processes, build climate resilience and support provinces to adapt to a new climate regime through increased investments in water security. By building climate resilience, the initiative will contribute to national social-economic development, coordinate transboundary water cooperation of different provinces, and demonstrate pilot Programme in delta areas and support safe investments in water and economic development, and achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
With large population, China is a country that is relatively less advanced in economic development, complex in climatic conditions and fragile in ecological environment. China is relatively weak in response to climate change in developing countries since its coal-dominated energy structure can hardly meet the demand of fast urbanization and industrialization and energy consumption of residents. In past few years, the extreme weather events have been vital threats to our natural ecosystems and economic-social development, mainly in agriculture, forestry, natural ecosystems, water resources and coastal areas as well as ecologically fragile areas. Now, water security in China is challenged by the climate change.
China’s water resources are recognized mostly and directly to be affected by the climate change, the better management of water resources is now also recognized as being of critical importance in adapting to the climate change. The Chinese Government attaches great importance to the climate change adaptation and water security and takes strong measures to strictly manage water resources.
Initially, the Programme will be implemented in five Provincial/River Basin Water Partnerships: Fujian, Hebei, Shaanxi Hunan and Yellow River Basin; and Pearl-Delta.