GWP supports countries in the development of IWRM plans and strategies. Since GWP's founding in 1996, this support has ranged from technical assistance, advocacy, and capacity building initiatives to organizing policy dialogues and practical workshops.
On this page we have grouped the national IWRM plans and strategies according to regions and countries. This is the most convenient manner, although a thorough analysis would show that they could be grouped in ways that better illustrate the evolution of IWRM approaches taken by individual countries.
For example, there are cases where national IWRM processes resulted in the adoption of water policies, national development strategies, IWRM roadmaps or water related legislation rather than IWRM plans.
Also, some IWRM processes were driven specifically by international donors as a response to achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Other countries committed to reform water legislation and institutions as a part of a broad international framework (e.g. EU Water Framework Directive).
Some countries undertook a consultation with various sectors of the national economy to tackle poverty and food security issues. Others adopted business plans to finance water resources development and use.
GWP's experiences from national IWRM planning processes include:
- A realistic IWRM plan requires the design of functions, structures, and procedures to take into account the financial and human resource constraints, the existing institutional structures, the management capacity, and the capacity for change.
- Successful IWRM plans need to be aligned with high-priority national development processes and broad cross-sectoral and stakeholder support even if these are outside the water sector.
- Multi-stakeholder involvement in the decision making processes is essential for the acceptability of the outcome.
- Economic arguments for financing water resources management must be developed and well communicated.
GWP invites all countries to share their IWRM plans and strategies. This is not intended to provide the “best” examples of IWRM plans; our aim is to share experiences from which all of us can learn.