To celebrate World Water Day, the President of El Salvador through the Minister of Environment and Natural Resources, presented the General Water Bill to the National Congress on the 22nd of March. The Bill recognizes the human right to water. GWP El Salvador has been advocating for this billfor several years.
El Salvador's water resources are highly polluted. It is estimated that 90 percent of surface water is contaminated, which is partly due to an absence of municipal wastewater treatment. The country also suffers from water scarcity during the dry season, and conflicts among users.
There have been various efforts to reform the water sector and to create a new legal framework since the mid-1990s. The current water reform in El Salvador has been led by the Technical Secretariat of the Presidency and the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources with participation of all 13 government institutions related to water. The process has included participation of civil society and different stakeholders, a process which has been an important contribution of GWP and other networks, who have all been advocating for this cause for several years.
The General Water Bill was presented to the public on the 28th of March at an event organized by the Ministry of Environment. It is expected that the Water Bill will be approved by the National Congress shortly.