Melting glaciers and mining operations are just two of the challenges facing the Ocoña River Basin. GWP Peru and partner, the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP), have worked unremittingly since 2003 to put the foundations for IWRM in place in the basin.
The political will built through dialogues raising awareness of the need to use IWRM to ensure sustainable use of water and expressed in the Water Act of March 2009 led, in 2010, to recognition by the two regional governments that share the basin, Ayacucho and Arequipa, of the importance of IWRM for sustainable development of the 16,000 km2 catchment. Both Ayacucho and Arequipa have taken the important step of setting up groups to support water governance. The next challenge for GWP Peru and PUCP is to support the establishment of a basin council that embraces both regional governments in one institutional framework and involves public, private and civil society sectors in integrated water management.