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Water Governance and Territorial Economic Development in the lower sub-basins of the Goascoran and Nacaome rivers

THIS IS A TRANSLATION - THE STORY WAS SUBMITTED IN SPANISH 

Please briefly describe your Water ChangeMaker journey

Problem: production without mitigation measures and with irrational use of water resources, due to a low level of knowledge about the effects of climate change that results in unsustainable agriculture and the low level of organization and inclusion of water governance in peasant associations and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in the basins addressed; The barriers in the process were the reluctance to implement new practices and a low interest of accompaniment by the Municipal Environmental Units (UMA), as well as the misunderstanding by the large company, about the damage it causes to the MSMEs that share and protect the water resource of common use; The inception of the problem involves the partners of the peasant associations, MSMEs from two countries, a large company in the production surroundings and the local authorities; This came to affect crops and relations between the two countries due to the use of water. This initiative benefited 2 peasant associations, and beneficiaries of the contributing micro-basins of the Nacaome and Goascoran basin; It should be mentioned that in the Goascorán basin, a cross-border nucleus of economic development was organized with a focus on basin protection and rational use of water resources, within the framework of the strategic plan for territorial development - the Binational basin of the Goascoran River, which has initiated an approach to the multi-sectors involved by the 2 countries (Honduras and El Salvador) where current efforts have been joined between homologous institutions that are members of the nucleus for joint initiatives to protect the basin.

 Please describe the change that your initiative created and how was it achieved

The multi-sectors in the 2 micro-basins (Tamarindo / Nacaome and Amates, Goascoran) met and were sensitized and organized by the ADED Valle Foundation in coordination with the Nacaome and Goascoran River Basin Council. B- The associations of small producers have been trained, with the financial and technical support of the large company; as well as an accompaniment by the authorities was achieved through the UMAs. C- A bi-national economic development nucleus (Honduras, El Salvador) was formed through which common actions are sought to benefit the two countries in the framework of co-management of shared water resources. d- The binational alliance that exists between ADED VALLE, Honduras and ADEL MORAZAN, El Salvador, was used to carry out an exchange of experiences on the issue of implementing smart technologies in the face of climate change, such as the production of vegetables under greenhouses and small areas and with water rationing through reuse, which has allowed interest in self-sustainable production and with smart technologies from the associations of producers to be served, as well as the interest in chaining to improve profits and production performance. 

What did you learn during the initiative or after? And is it possible that others could learn from you?

  •  Positive change in leaders of productive associations
  • Production planning through intelligent technologies in the face of climate change
  • Rational use of water resources in production plots
  • Joint actions between 2 countries for the conservation of shared water resources

 What water-related decisions did your initiative influence or improve?

  • Change in the ability of local governments
  • Support for the implementation of ordinances proposed by the basin councils
  • Support from the authorities for improving access to productive plots
  • Involvement of the academia in the orientation of small producers for the implementation of good practices in their production plots 

What were some of the challenges faced and how were they overcome?

In the El Tamarindo micro-basin, Rio Nacaome: we set ourselves 3 challenges: 1. The involvement of the Big Company in the integration of the council, managing to involve it, and the result was more than what was proposed since an economic contribution was achieved on their behalf so that small producers could reforest the micro-basin; 2. The involvement of the local authority- Achieving with them the implementation of a municipal ordinance in the area, on the logging and burning of the forest in the territory of the micro-basins 3. In the Los Amates micro-basin, Rio Goascoran: 1. The involvement of the local authority- Achieving with them the implementation of a municipal ordinance in the area, on the logging, and burning of the forest in the territory of the micro-basins and 2. The formation of the nucleus of binational economic development, despite not having the same legal framework on waters. 

In your view: Will the change that was created by your initiative continue?

If the change will continue: The ADELES are local organization with public-private integrations, sectors that have been involved in the processes; In addition, the processes that the ADED Valle develops are constantly followed up to ensure their sustainability, which is why we currently continue to create partnerships and alliances with counterparts from the neighboring country to continue exchanges within the framework of the signed agreements, as we have also established bodies of technical teams to formulate and continue proposing initiatives that benefit both countries. 

 What did you learn during the initiative or after? And is it possible that others could learn from you?

1- We have learned that new technologies or social networks negatively influence to divide big and small companies, but that common goods such as water resources can unite them, through ordered processes of water governance 2- We also learned that water resources have no borders and that it is a good that can unite peoples at the local level in either two countries and that unfortunately the divisions exist in the great leaders and not in the local communities that share transboundary waters. Throughout the process, strategic plans prepared by IUCN and SDC, documentation created by ADELES and the Service Centers for Women's Entrepreneurship (CSEM) were used.