Situated by the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, India is bordered by Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Nepal and Pakistan. With this position, it is near important Indian Ocean trade routes. The climate varies from tropical monsoon in the south to temperate in the north.  The terrain is eclectic across the territory. India has vast natural resources, including coal (fourth largest reserve in the world), iron ore, bauxite, titanium ore and petroleum.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Droughts
  • Flash floods, as well as widespread and destructive flooding from monsoonal rains
  • Severe thunderstorms
  • Earthquakes
  • Water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides
  • Tap water is not potable throughout the country
  • Huge and growing population is overstraining natural resources
  • Air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions

Contact GWP India

Ms.Priyanka Dissanayake, Regional Coordinator

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture

UN-Water Statistics


Source map:

Posted: 2012-07-25

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