Situated by the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, India is bordered by Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Nepal and Pakistan. With this position, it is near important Indian Ocean trade routes. The climate varies from tropical monsoon in the south to temperate in the north. The terrain is eclectic across the territory. India has vast natural resources, including coal (fourth largest reserve in the world), iron ore, bauxite, titanium ore and petroleum.
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