Nepal is a landlocked state bordered by China and India. The terrain in the south is Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges whereas the north is characterized by rugged Himalayas. Nepal contains eight of the world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga - the world's tallest and third tallest - on the borders with China and India respectively. The climate varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south. Important natural resources include quartz, water timber and hydropower.
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