Situated by the Arabian Sea, Pakistan is bordering Afghanistan, China, India and Iran. With this position, Pakistan is controlling the Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass, traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. The climate is mostly hot, dry desert while being temperate in the northeast and arctic in the north. Pakistan has extensive natural gas reserves as well as limited petroleum and poor quality coal, iron ore and copper.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff
  • Limited natural freshwater resources
  • Most of the population does not have access to potable water
  • Frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in north and west
  • Flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August)
  • Deforestation; soil erosion; desertification

Contact GWP Pakistan

Ms.Priyanka Dissanayake, Regional Coordinator

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture

UN-Water Statistics


Posted: 2012-07-25

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