Situated in the South of South America by the South Pacific Ocean, Chile is bordered by Argentina, Bolivia and Peru. It is the longest north-south trending country in the world, extending across 38 degrees of latitude. The terrain varies across the country and includes the Atacama Desert which is the driest desert in the world. Like the terrain, the climate varies across the country, being desert in the north and cool and damp in the south. Chile has access to some natural resources including copper, timber, iron ore and nitrates.
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