Situated in the South of South America by the South Pacific Ocean, Chile is bordered by Argentina, Bolivia and Peru. It is the longest north-south trending country in the world, extending across 38 degrees of latitude. The terrain varies across the country and includes the Atacama Desert which is the driest desert in the world. Like the terrain, the climate varies across the country, being desert in the north and cool and damp in the south. Chile has access to some natural resources including copper, timber, iron ore and nitrates.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Water pollution from raw sewage
  • Active volcanism due to more than three-dozen active volcanoes along the Andes Mountains
  • Tsunamis
  • Widespread deforestation and mining threaten natural resources
  • Severe earthquakes
  • Air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions

Contact GWP Chile

Lucía Matteo, Regional Coordinator

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture

UN-Water Statistics


Posted: 2012-07-25

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