Situated in Northern South America by the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, Venezuela is bordered by Brazil, Colombia and Guyana. With this position, it is situated by the major sea and air routes linking North and South America. The terrain includes both mountains and lowlands, including the Angel Falls in the Guiana Highlands which is the world's highest waterfall. The climate is tropical, hot and humid although more moderate in highlands. In terms of natural resources, Venezuela is rich in e.g. Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold and bauxite.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Subjected to floods
  • Periodic droughts
  • Sewage pollution of Lago de Valencia
  • Oil and urban pollution of Lago de Maracaibo
  • Urban and industrial pollution, especially along the Caribbean coast
  • Threat to the rainforest ecosystem from irresponsible mining operations

Contact GWP Venezuela

Lucía Matteo, Regional Coordinator

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture

UN-Water Statistics


Posted: 2012-07-25

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