Methodology & Implementation


Within the framework of the Governance & Financing for the Mediterranean Water Sector Project, national activities were implemented in Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Tunisia, through targeted and structured Policy Dialogues with the objective of identifying main governance challenges in the sustainable financing of water services, including the involvement of the private sector. This was accomplished through in-depth technical investigation alongside multi-stakeholder dialogues. Emphasis was given on the consultation process so as to reach an overall and common understanding of the issues at stake and develop recommendations and tailored action plans in a consensual manner. 

The Dialogues build on the GWP-Med and OECD long-standing tradition of providing neutral platforms for building consensus and sharing good practices/lessons learnt through evidence-based consultation processes, fact-finding missions, background reports, bilateral and multilateral semi-structured interviews, case studies and peer-review.



During its four-year timeframe (2013-2017), the Project developed through an interplay of regional and national activities, the latter implemented in four focus countries, namely Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Tunisia.


National Component

The National Policy Dialogues engaged a wide range of stakeholders from the government, utilities, private sector, civil society, donors and regional organisations, within and beyond the water sector, and were firmly anchored in formal national water sector processes. These National Policy Processes concluded with the elaboration of separate Reports for each of the four focus countries.

The country Reports were compiled building on active input and feedback from the stakeholders (including answering questionnaires, giving input during policy workshops and bilateral interviews held in the respective countries, as well as providing written comments) and shedding light on the structures and processes of policy-making in the water sector of the focus countries and the way these processes challenge sustainable financing, including through private sector participation. The diagnostic part of the Reports, carried out according to tested OECD methodology and capturing the status quo of public-private-partnerships (PSPs) in the water sector, provided the basis for informed discussion and exchanges and was complemented by a set of policy recommendations based on international best practices as well as country-specific action plans tailored to the particular national context and needs. The technical work, facilitated and supported by GWP-Med, involved a set of multi-stakeholder workshops that were conducted under the auspices of the competent Ministries in charge of water in the focus countries and provided tangible input to the development and finalisation of the Reports.


Regional Component

The national processes maintained parallel linkages to the Project’s regional level. National findings were shared, discussed and peer-reviewed within the regional component of the Project, providing inputs to the regional conferences as well contributing towards building the water governance and the policy-makers and private actors’ informal platforms.

The regional component of the Project, had the form of an informal interface during targeted Regional Conferences which brought together each time more than 110 stakeholders from across the countries of the Mediterranean and from across public, private and civil society organisations. Further to the Launching Regional Conference in May 2013, three more regional conferences have been organised within the Project’s timeframe:

  • Athens, 28-30 Oct. 2014;
  • Tunis, 5-6 Dec. 2016;
  • Barcelona, 12-14 Dec. 2017.

Moreover, The Project’s progress, findings and outcomes were presented and discussed in key international and regional processes and events, typically under:

  • UfM's Water Experts Group meetings
  • OECD's Water Governance Initiative Meetings
  • Dedicated sessions, with direct linkages to the project, during the World Water Weeks of 2015, 2016 and 2017

but also on individual occasions, like GEF's International Waters Conference, the Arab Water Week, the Mediterranean and Arab regional processes of the World Water Forum etc.