Glossary

Terms and definitions beginning with the letter "C":

Capacity building
The actions needed to enhance the ability of individuals, institutions and systems to make and implement decisions and perform functions in an effective, efficient and sustainable manner
Capacity development
The process by which individuals, groups and organisations, institutions and countries develop, enhance and organise their systems, resources and knowledge
Capillary action
The process by which water rises through rock, sediment or soil; it is caused by cohesion between water molecules and adhesion between water and other materials; together, these forces pull the water upwards
Carbon sink
Natural or artificial reservoir that accumulates and stores carbon-containing chemical compounds for an indefinite period. The process by which carbon sinks remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere is known as carbon sequestration
Catchment
Drainage area (see Basin)
Chlorination
Treatment of drinking water with chlorine to kill disease-causing organisms
Civil society organization
The multitude of associations around which society voluntarily organizes itself and which represent a wide range of interests and ties. These can include community-based organizations, indigenous peoples’ organizations and non-government organizations
Climate Change
A change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods
Climate change adaptation
Initiatives and measures to reduce the vulnerability of natural and human systems against the actual or expected effects of climate change
Climate change screening
A way of assessing the impacts of climate change on development activities, and how these linkages can be taken into account in development activities and national planning processes
Consulting Partners
Partner representatives at the annual meeting of Partners. The term Consulting Partners (CP) is only applied to the annual meeting of Partners, the “CP Meeting”.
Cost effective
Obtaining the best results for least expense or offering the maximum benefit for a given level of expenditure that provides good value for money
Cost recovery
Adjusting fees/prices for a water system where all costs of operation and maintenance are covered for supplying water or services
Country Water Partnership
A water partnership at a national level
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