Situated in Eastern Europe, Estonia is bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia. Offshore, there are more than 1,500 islands belonging to Estonia. It has a maritime climate with wet moderate winters and cool summers. Important natural resources of Estonia include oil shale, peat, arable land and sea mud.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Occasional flooding in the spring
  • Estonia has more than 1,400 natural and manmade lakes. Among these, the smaller needs to be monitored in agricultural areas
  • Air polluted with sulfur dioxide from oil-shale burning power plants in northeast; however, the amount of pollutants emitted to the air have fallen steadily since the 1980s
  • Start-up of new water purification plants, decreasing the load of wastewater
  • Coastal seawater is polluted in certain locations

Contact GWP Estonia

Mr. Toomas Tamm

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture

UN-Water Statistics