Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Mechanism was proposed by Chinese Primer Likeqiang ni the 17th China-ASEAN Leaders’ meeting held in November of 2015, which aims to strengthen all-round and friendly cooperation among China and Mekong countries and promote regional overall development. The First Lancang-Mekong (LMC) Foreign Ministers Meeting held in Jinghong, Yunnan Province of China in November of 2015 formally announced the establishment of the LMC Mechanism.
The Asia-Pacific Water Forum (APWF) was initially proposed by the participants during the 4th World Water Forum (WWF) Regional Preparatory Process that was coordinated by Japan Water Forum (JWF). At the 4th WWF,, regional documents coordinated by JWF and 5 sub-regional coordinators (Korea Water Forum, Global Water Partnership, (GWP) Southeast Asia, GWP South Asia, GWP CACENA, and the Pacific Islands Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC)) together with regional water stakeholders reported on the Asia-Pacific region’s formidable water related challenges
Water is one of the most basic human needs and is now currently facing multifaceted complexity. From depleted ground aquifers to polluted river, water has been for quite some time under pressures due to urbanization, population growth, industrialization and so forth. These multifaceted complexities also happen in Malaysia. These complexities such as lack of education and awareness of the general public about water resources, how they are being managed, and how they should be managed is a key factor that has led to the state of Malaysia's overall water quality.