The orientation law relating to water resources management (2001) divides the country into 4 river basins managed by 5 Water Agencies, namely the Cascades, Gourma, Liptako, Mouhoun and Nakambé. These agencies contribute to the implementation of the NP/IWRM in their respective areas.
The Water Agency is a Public Interest Grouping (GIP), classified in the category of State Public Enterprises (EPE). It is agreed between the State, local authorities and users and has jurisdiction over a defined management area which may be the whole of a catchment area or a portion of a catchment area.
The mission of the Water Agencies is:
- To engage water stakeholders in IWRM.
- To translate the orientations of the National Water Policy.
- To promote rational use of water resources, pollution control and protection of aquatic environments.
- To collect taxes according to the "polluter-pays" or "levy-pays" principle.
- To provide various types of financial assistance for actions of common interest carried out by local authorities, socio-professional organisations and users.
- To provide technical assistance for studies, works, monitoring - evaluation, execution and all other actions undertaken in order to fight against the waste and pollution of water, according to the principle "he who protects better is helped".
- To prepare, in application of the Water Development and Management Master Plans (SDAGE) and Water Development and Management Plans (SAGE), Multiannual Investment Plans (PPI).
- To contribute to the prevention and control of floods and other water-related natural disasters.
- To collect, develop and disseminate knowledge on water resources and improve their management.
- To develop partnerships with any organisation working in its field of competence.
According to Mrs. Nadine NARE/OURCECE, "the Water Agency has a great ambition and wants to revolutionise the governance of water resources. This ambition is commensurate with the problems of water resources in Burkina. The management of these water resources, in a context of climate change and anthropic pressures, requires the involvement of all the stakeholders in its area. The support of technical and financial partners is essential for the achievement of [the] objectives. Hence the importance of developing partnerships”.