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/ Case studies / English

Bangladesh: Equity and Social Justice in Water Resource Management (#413)

The management of water resources in Bangladesh involves a centralised, heavy engineering approach in order to control floods and install irrigation, however, there is now a pressing need for ensuring social justice and equity in water resource development. Recognising the role of water in poverty alleviation, action has been taken to implement a 25-year National Water Management Plan. Although this is one important step, it is evident that many issues require more work. 

/ Case studies / English

Zambia: Water Watch Groups (#340)

Following the reorganisation of the water sector in Zambia, an action that decentralised service provision, it became crucial to monitor the service providers and the consumer experience. Action was taken to set up Water Watch Groups that have as their responsibility to raise public awareness about rights and obligations. This case study, concludes that consumer involvement is the key to the success of water sector reforms. 

/ Case studies / English

El Salvador: Analysis of water decentralization (#131)

El Cerrito Canton community has spent decade attempting to get access to clean water. Action was taken to organise a Community Development Association, leading to the execution of a potable water project. The key insight drawn from this case is that, it is key for communities to have water access and management is their capacity to get organised.

/ Case studies / English

Bulgaria: Constructed Wetlands; Sustainable Wastewater Treatment for Rural and Peri-Urban Communities (#431)

Rural and peri-urban areas are often neglected when making infrastructure investments. However, these areas could gain from treatment of domestic wastewater through the construction of wetlands. In Bulgaria, the problem of wastewater treatment was addressed through the construction of a wetland for treating wastewater from domestic sources. The lesson learnt is the importance of community initiatives.  

/ Case studies / English

Cameroon: Challenges in Kumbo community to improve water supply management (#364)

The Kumbo water supply system has always had contested ownership claims. After decades of protest, action was taken and management was transferred to Kumbo Urban Council, resulting in the establishment of an inclusive and participatory community water governance structure. From this, the lesson can be learnt that the command and control paradigm can provoke social and political instability. The case also demonstrates how community based platforms can enhance community mobilisation and participatory governance.

/ Case studies / English

Kenya: Community management in Lake Victoria Drainage Basin (#51)

The Lake Basin Development Authority was set up to manage the entire catchment area of all rivers draining into Lake Victoria. However, its performance was not to the expectation. A further, action was taken to decentralise management and priority was given to achieve access to basic water requirements for the poor, as well as quality of water and improving availability of water for livestock and irrigation. The key lesson learnt is the importance of a participatory approach.

/ Policy briefs / English

Social Equity: The Need for an Integrated Approach

Social equity, economic efficiency, and environmental sustainability constitute the three pillars of Integrated Water Resources Management. This policy brief provides an analytical framework that policy-makers can use to understand the relationship between water management and social equity – including causes, dynamics, consequences, and possible solutions. Policy briefs provide policy makers with information on water resources management. They are written by the GWP Technical Committee, a group of internationally recognised professionals in integrated water resources management.
/ Technical background papers / English

Social Equity and Integrated Water Resources Management

Social equity is the least understood of the 3 E’s (equity, economic efficiency and environmental sustainability) of IWRM. This paper sets out an overarching framework for the analysis of equity in the context of water development and management and aims to support the equitable distribution of benefits from water resources. This is a Technical Background Paper, written by the GWP Technical Committee, a group of internationally recognised professionals in integrated water resources management.