e document (1,98MB) se concentre sur les implications à l’adoption d’une approche de GIRE pour réduire la pauvreté. Le document fait valoir qu’aucune stratégie de réduction de la pauvreté ne peut être efficace à moins que les politiques de l’eau dans toutes leurs dimensions soient prises en compte ainsi que la GIRE pour permettre un accès et une utilisation juste et modéré.
The French version.
The privatization of public water companies in Chile was complemented by reforms, during which a robust regulatory framework was created, public utilities were strengthened, tariffs were increased, and a system of subsidies for needy households was introduced to help them cope with higher tariffs. To guarantee adequate and affordable services for low income households, Chile introduced individual means-tested water consumption subsidies. The aim of the subsidy system was to channel the resources to those who actually needed them. A significant proportion of its inhabitants had sufficient incomes to pay for the basic services without needing any support or additional help. This made it possible for Chile to adopt a subsidy system focused on the most vulnerable social groups. This situation was addressed in the subsidy law aiming to protect low-income families. The system chosen was a direct subsidy, targeted to users. It granted access to basic consumption of drinking water and sewage service for each household.
This paper (1.98 MB) focuses on the implications for poverty reduction of taking an IWRM approach. The paper argues that no strategy for poverty reduction can be effective unless water policies in all their dimensions are brought within it purview, and IWRM is adopted which allows competitions over access and uses to be fairly and transparently moderated. The paper (593.6 KB) is divided into two main parts. The first part puts forward a strong case for applying IWRM globally and defines the IWRM concept and process. The second part provides additional advice and guidance on how IWRM could be implemented in different conditions.
The Chinese version.
Pour un partage d'expérience sur la fluorose dentaire dans la région de l'Extrême-Nord du Cameroun, le Partenariat National de l'Eau du Cameroun (GWP-Cmr) a élaboré une note technique intitulée « La Fluorose Dentaire: Une Menace encore méconnue de la Santé publique au Cameroun».