Situated in the Southeastern Europe by the Black Sea, Romania borders Bulgaria, Hungary, Moldova, Serbia, and Ukraine. It has a temperate climate with cold winters, frequently accompanied by snow and sunny summers.  In terms of terrain, the central Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Moldavian Plateau on the east by the Eastern Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps. Romania has substantial natural reserves, including petroleum (declining reserve), timber, natural gas, coal and iron ore.

Key Water Issues and Challenges

  • Air pollution in south from industrial effluents
  • Contamination of Danube delta wetlands
  • Water pollution
  • Soil erosion, land degradation
  • Romania opposes Ukraine's reopening of a navigation canal from the Danube border through Ukraine to the Black Sea

Contact GWP Romania

Mr. Liviu N. Popescu

More Information

AQUASTAT -FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture

UN-Water Statistics