• Ecosystem
    A dynamic complex of plant, animal and micro-organism communities and their non-living environment interacting as a functional unit
  • Effluent
    In issues of water quality, refers to liquid waste (treated or untreated) discharged to the environment from sources such as industrial process and sewage treatment plants
  • Environmental goods and services
    Refers to actions and products derived from human activity rather than benefits obtained directly from the natural environment
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
    An analytical process or procedure that systematically examines the possible environmental consequences of the implementation of a given activity (project)
  • Eutrophication
    Increased inputs of nutrients (e.g. nitrogen and phosphorus) from agricultural runoff and also human and industrial waste into water bodies leading to excessive plant (principally algae) growth and decay