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/ Case studies / English

Zambia: Water Watch Groups (#340)

Following the reorganisation of the water sector in Zambia, an action that decentralised service provision, it became crucial to monitor the service providers and the consumer experience. Action was taken to set up Water Watch Groups that have as their responsibility to raise public awareness about rights and obligations. This case study, concludes that consumer involvement is the key to the success of water sector reforms. 

/ Case studies / English

Kenya: Community management in Lake Victoria Drainage Basin (#51)

The Lake Basin Development Authority was set up to manage the entire catchment area of all rivers draining into Lake Victoria. However, its performance was not to the expectation. A further, action was taken to decentralise management and priority was given to achieve access to basic water requirements for the poor, as well as quality of water and improving availability of water for livestock and irrigation. The key lesson learnt is the importance of a participatory approach.

/ Case studies / English

Cameroon: Challenges in Kumbo community to improve water supply management (#364)

The Kumbo water supply system has always had contested ownership claims. After decades of protest, action was taken and management was transferred to Kumbo Urban Council, resulting in the establishment of an inclusive and participatory community water governance structure. From this, the lesson can be learnt that the command and control paradigm can provoke social and political instability. The case also demonstrates how community based platforms can enhance community mobilisation and participatory governance.

/ Case studies / English

Bulgaria: Constructed Wetlands; Sustainable Wastewater Treatment for Rural and Peri-Urban Communities (#431)

Rural and peri-urban areas are often neglected when making infrastructure investments. However, these areas could gain from treatment of domestic wastewater through the construction of wetlands. In Bulgaria, the problem of wastewater treatment was addressed through the construction of a wetland for treating wastewater from domestic sources. The lesson learnt is the importance of community initiatives.  

/ Policy briefs / English

Social Equity: The Need for an Integrated Approach

Social equity, economic efficiency, and environmental sustainability constitute the three pillars of Integrated Water Resources Management. This policy brief provides an analytical framework that policy-makers can use to understand the relationship between water management and social equity – including causes, dynamics, consequences, and possible solutions. Policy briefs provide policy makers with information on water resources management. They are written by the GWP Technical Committee, a group of internationally recognised professionals in integrated water resources management.
/ Technical background papers / English

Social Equity and Integrated Water Resources Management

Social equity is the least understood of the 3 E’s (equity, economic efficiency and environmental sustainability) of IWRM. This paper sets out an overarching framework for the analysis of equity in the context of water development and management and aims to support the equitable distribution of benefits from water resources. This is a Technical Background Paper, written by the GWP Technical Committee, a group of internationally recognised professionals in integrated water resources management.
/ Case studies / Spanish

Caso de estudio: Sistema de subsidios al consumo de agua potable de hogares en Chile

The privatization of public water companies in Chile was complemented by reforms, during which a robust regulatory framework was created, public utilities were strengthened, tariffs were increased, and a system of subsidies for needy households was introduced to help them cope with higher tariffs. To guarantee adequate and affordable services for low income households, Chile introduced individual means-tested water consumption subsidies. The aim of the subsidy system was to channel the resources to those who actually needed them. A significant proportion of its inhabitants had sufficient incomes to pay for the basic services without needing any support or additional help. This made it possible for Chile to adopt a subsidy system focused on the most vulnerable social groups. This situation was addressed in the subsidy law aiming to protect low-income families. The system chosen was a direct subsidy, targeted to users. It granted access to basic consumption of drinking water and sewage service for each household.