Two-way exchange of experience on SDG 6.5.1 and transboundary rivers management

In May 3-10, 2021, CWP-Georgia and CWP-Kyrgyzstan held a meetings round to exchange of experience on two topics: SDG 6.5.1 implementation and transboundary rivers management.

These meetings were due to two reasons, namely:

- Legislative and institutional changes in the water sector of Georgia faced a need to create joint commissions for water resources management of transboundary river basins. The Kyrgyzstan experience of such commissions operating is of particular importance for CWP-Georgia involved in the water law improvement;

- On the other hand, Kyrgyzstan started assessing the IWRM implementation in terms of SDG 6.5.1. and 6.5.2. in 2020, while Georgia started such assessment in 2017 and has more experience that is why CWP-Kyrgyzstan needs to learn Georgian experience.

During the workshops, the Co-chairman of the Chu Talas Water Commission (CTWC) Abdybai Dzhailoobaev and the CWP-Kyrgyzstan coordinator Kasiet Musabaeva familiarized the CWP-Georgia representatives with the history of the Chu Talas Water Commission, it's operating principles, obligations, competence, place in the water resources management institutional structure, on  conflict situations and powers to resolve them. Additionally, the Regulations on the Commission, its composition and the procedure for its formation, as well documents on the procedure for co-financing and repair works were presented.

The Chu Talas Water Commission was established in 2006 in accordance with Article 5 of the 2000 Agreement on the Chu and Talas Rivers between Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. The countries agreed to jointly operate and share in the reimbursement of maintenance costs for the water facilities specified in the agreement. Equity participation in the maintenance and operation is carried out in a such forms as monetary, repair and maintenance work, as well as the supply of materials and equipment. The Chu Talas Water Commission is the legal basis for the transboundary water resources management in 2 countries.

The experience of cooperation and creation of CTWC can be used in other countries, like a model because it provides involving downstream countries in the management of dams and other hydraulic structures located on the upper reaches of the rivers.

For CWP-Georgia part, representatives briefed in detail on the experience of conducting assessments on SDG 6.5.1 and 6.5.2 indicators, as well as about the role of GWPO support in this process.

Besides, participants visited the Alazani-Iori transboundary river basin (of which water resources are shared between Georgia and Azerbaijan), where they acquainted with the situation on the spot.