With large population, China is a country that is relatively less advanced in economic development, complex in climatic conditions and fragile in ecological environment.
China is relatively weak in response to climate change in developing countries since its coal-dominated energy structure can hardly meet the demand of fast urbanization and industrialization and energy consumption of residents. In past few years, the extreme weather events have been vital threats to our natural ecosystems and economic-social development, mainly in agriculture, forestry, natural ecosystems, water resources and coastal areas as well as ecologically fragile areas. Now, water security in China is challenged by the climate change.
China’s water resources are recognized mostly and directly to be affected by the climate change, the better management of water resources is now also recognized as being of critical importance in adapting to the climate change. The Chinese Government attaches great importance to the climate change adaptation and water security and takes strong measures to strictly manage water resources.
As one of regions involved in the WACDEP, GWP China initiates the programme and will be responsible for the implementation of the programme in China region. The first phase of the programme is from 2014 to 2016. It is implemented in five Provincial/River Basin Water Partnerships: Fujian, Hebei, Shaanxi Hunan and Yellow River Basin;and Pearl-Delta.
The goal is to promote water as a key part of sustainable social and economic development of China and contribute to climate change adaptation for human sustainability and planet security.
The overall objective is to support integration of water security and climate resilience in development planning and decision making processes, through enhanced technical and institutional capacity and predictable financing and investments in water security and climate change adaptation.
The project involves seven packages (Package 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, and 8). For each package, it has designed activities to support the achievement of and its objective. The project plans, through thirty-five activities in total, to promote better implementation of water security and climate resilience in China.
(click work package name for its designing framework and progress outcome)